Why older women are much more exposed to the risk of poverty than older men
Europe is ageing. More than 130 million people in the European Union, or about a quarter of the total population, receive a pension. But while older people are quite well protected against poverty, there are clear differences between men and women across much of the EU. In all Member States, the average pension income of a woman is currently lower, and often substantially so, than that of a man. The often substantial gender gaps in pensions reflect the gender gaps in remuneration, working hours and duration of working lives that women faced during their working lives. Pay differences may be rooted in education and skills levels, as well as various forms of gender segregation and discrimination.